Social Studies



                                                             

Unit 4:  People Long Ago
   

Essential Question:  How do people and places change over time? 

In this unit, students will learn about the people who lived in North America long ago, how our country got its independence, how we honor our American heritage, and how we honor people and events in our country's history.

Vocabulary:        past                  present
                          future                change
                          history               colony
                          settlers              freedom
                          independence    heritage
                          landmark           memorial
                          heroes               legend


 

Unit Two:  The World Around Us

Essential Question:  How can maps help us learn about the different kinds of land, water, and places around us?

In this unit, children will learn about the geography of the land, how the climate and seasons affect how we live, and how the regions in the United States compare to other regions around the world.


Social Studies Unit 2 Vocabulary

Lesson 1

1. Location:  the place where something is

2. Relative Location:  tells what a place is near

3. Absolute Location:  is the exact location

4. Map Grid:  a set of lines that divide a map into columns and rows of squares

5. Map Key:  explains what the symbols on the map mean

Lesson 2

1. Landform:  kind of land with a special shape

2. Peninsula:  land that has water around it on only three sides

3. Island:  landform with water all around it

4. Gulf:  a large body of water partly surrounded by land

5. Bay:  a smaller body of water partly surrounded by land

6. Region:  an area of land with the same features

Lesson 3

1. Climate:  kind of weather a place has over a long time

Lesson 4

1. Cardinal Directions: the main directions of north, south, east, and west to help you find places on a map

2. Equator:  an imaginary line that divides Earth into northern and southern halves

3. Hemisphere:  half of Earth
           The northern hemisphere is north of the equator.

4. Pole:  a point on Earth farthest from the equator
          The North Pole is the point farthest north on a globe.

5. Compass Rose:  shows directions on a map or globe

6. Intermediate Directions:  northeast, northwest, southeast,           
            Southwest (they are between the cardinal directions)








                                     


Unit One:  Governing the People

Essential Question:  How does a government make laws to help people be safe and get along?

In this unit, students will learn how Americans choose leaders and make laws.  They will learn about the rights and responsibilities they have as citizens.  Students will compare governments of a community, a state, and our country.

Lesson 4: Our Country's Government

1.  A capital is a city in which a state’s or country’s government meets and works.

2.  Congress is the lawmaking branch of our country’s government.

3.  The Supreme Court decides on laws for the whole country.

4.  The Constitution is a written set of rules that the government must follow.

Lesson 5:  Community and State Governments


1. The council is a group of people chosen by 
citizens to make choices for them.

2.  A state’s legislature is a group of elected citizens who makes decisions for the state.




Lesson 3:  Our Leaders

1. Election is a time when people vote for their leaders.

2. The mayor is the leader of a city or town government.  The mayor makes important decisions for a community.

3. The governor is the leader of the state’s government.  Every state has a governor.  The governor of New York State is Andrew Cuomo.

4. The president is the leader of the United States government.  Our leader is President Donald Trump.

Lesson 2:  Government for the People

1. Government is a group of citizens that runs the community.  They make laws to keep citizens safe.  It makes sure that people get along.

2. A judge is the person in charge of a court.  The judge makes sure that the court protects the rights of all citizens.

3. A government service is something that the government of a community provides for all citizens.  This includes building roads, schools, and parks.  Police and fire departments are also government services.

4. A tax is money people pay to the government.  The government decides how the tax money will be spent.


Lesson 1:  Citizens in a Community

Vocabulary:  
community
                      citizen
                      right
                      responsibility
                      law
                      consequences



1.  A community is a group of people who live or work together.
It is also the place where people live.

2. Citizens are the people who live in and belong to the community.

3.  A right is a kind of freedom.  Freedom of speech is one right we have as American citizens.

4.  A responsibility is something that a person should take care of or do.  It is my responsibility to complete homework assignments.

5.  A law is a rule people in a community must follow.  A speed limit law keeps people safe.

6.  A consequence is something that happens because of what a person does.  The consequence of speeding is a ticket from a police officer.