Science

                                    Science

Our caterpillars have entered the chrysalis stage of their life cycle.  They will be placed in the butterfly garden where we will observe their metamorphosis into Monarch butterflies.
We will hopefully be in the classroom when they break out of their chrysalises.  Students will also be able to observe how butterflies use their proboscises to find nourishment. 


We will also learn more about the chick life cycle and open 21 environmentally safe 
egg cross-sections to track the incubation period.  The egg models show the inside of an egg as it changes during each day of the hatching process.


 Physical Science


Chapter 8: 
Properties of Matter

Essential Question: 
What are the three states of matter and the ways that matter can be changed?

Students will learns that objects can be described, classified, and compared by their composition.  They will recognize that the same material can exist in different states.  Students will verify that things can be done to materials to change some of their physical properties, but not all materials respond the same way.

Life Science

Chapter 4: 
How Living Things Grow and Change

Essential Question: 
How do plants and animals change as they grow?

Students will use knowledge about life processes to distinguish between living and nonliving things.  They will describe how organisms change as they grow and mature.  Students will learn that all living things have offspring that resemble their parents.

Vocabulary:  life cycle                   germinate
                       seed coat                   seedling



Earth Science

Chapter 6:
Earth's Weather and Seasons

Essential Question: 
How Does Weather Change?

Students will recognize that weather conditions occur in patterns over time.  They will understand that most natural events occur in comprehensible, consistent patterns.  Students will understand some impacts of bad weather, and how to stay safe in bad weather.

Vocabulary:  water cycle             evaporate
                     condense                lightning
                     tornado                  hurricane
                     

 Chapter 5:  Earth's Land, Air, and Water

 Essential Question:  How do people use Earth's natural resources, and what are ways that people can take care of them?

Students will recognize that the solid materials making up the Earth come in all sizes, from boulders to grains of sand.  They know that life occurs on or near the surface of the Earth in land, air, and water.  Students know that the activities of humans affect pant and animals in many ways.

Vocabulary:  boulder          erosion
                     weathering     natural resources
                     sand              pollution
                     minerals         recycle


 Life Science Unit

Chapter 3: 
How Plants and Animals  Live Together

Essential Question: 
How do living things help each other?

Students will learn that plants and animals are dependent upon each other for survival.

Vocabulary:  producer                       consumer
                     food chain                     predator
                     prey                              food web


1. A producer is a living thing that can make its own food.  A green plant is a producer.

2. A consumer is a living thing that cannot make its own food.  All animals are consumers.

3. All living things need food.  Some animals eat plants.  Other animals eat those animals.  This is a called a food chain.

4. A predator is an animal that catches and eats another animal.

5. Prey is an animal that is caught and eaten.

6. Habitats usually have more than one food chain. The food chains in a habitat make up a food web.  



Chapter 2: 
All About Animals

Essential Question: 
How are animals different from each other?

Students will learn about different kinds of animals and how they are adapted to live in their environments.

Vocabulary:   mammal                 bird
                      fish                         reptile
                      amphibian               camouflage
                      gills                         insect


1. A mammal is an animal with a backbone that usually has hair or fur on its body and feeds milk to its young.  Dog, cats, and horses are some kinds of mammals.

2. A bird is an animal with a backbone that has feathers, two legs, and wings.

3. A fish is an animal with bones that lives in water and has gills.

4. A reptile is an animal with bones that has dry, scaly skin.

5. An amphibian is an animal with bones that lives part of its life on land and part of its life in water.

6. Camouflage is a color or shape that makes an animal hard to see.  Some animals use camouflage to hide themselves from danger.

7. Gills are special body parts that get oxygen from water.  Fish have gills.

8. An insect is an animal without bones that has three body parts and six legs.



Chapter 1:  
All About Plants

Essential Question:  
How Do Plants Live in their Habitats?

Students will learn about the parts of plants; how seeds are scattered; how plants are grouped; and plant adaptations.

Vocabulary:  nutrients     flower
                     roots          environment
                     stem          adapted
                     leaves        prairie
                            

Science Vocabulary
Chapter One:  All About Plants


1. Nutrients are materials that living things need to live and grow.  Many plants get nutrients from soil and water.

2. Roots are the parts of a plant that hold the plant in place and that take in water and nutrients from the soil.

3.  A stem is the part of a plant that holds it up and that carries water and nutrients to the leaves.

4.  Leaves are parts of a plant that use sunlight, air, nutrients, and water to make food for the plant.

5. The flower is the part of the plant that makes seeds.

6. The environment is all the things that surround a living thing.  A cactus is a plant that grows in a desert.

7.  Adapt means to change.  Living things have adapted or changed to live in their environment.

8.  A prairie is flat land covered with grasses and having few trees.